Rehabilitation services for disabled persons institutions under Ministry of Social Justice& Empowerment
Physical, occupational, social rehabilitation and financial assistance for purchase of Aids & Appliances are provided under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment with the basic objective to bring the target groups (disadvantaged & marginalized section of the society viz schedule caste, minorities, backward classes, persons with disability, aged persons, street children & victims of drug abuse etc) into the main stream of development by making them self reliant. Services are available for the entire Indian nationals on payment of minimal fee. Provision of financial assistance for disabled persons is also available. These services are provided by three types of Institutions
1. National Institutions: Six national level Institutions have been established (i) to act as fore runner & trend settler in their area of specialization and (ii) to develop manpower for delivery of services to the disabled persons.
These Institutions are: National Institute for Mentally Handicapped, Secundrabad, AP National Institute for Orthopaedically Handicapped; Calcutta, West Bengal Ali Yavarjung National Institutes for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai; Maharastra National Institutes for visually Handicapped, Dehradun; UA Institutes for physically Handicapped New Delhi National Institutes of Rehabilitation Training & Research, Olatpur Cuttack, Orissa.
2. District Rehabilitation Centre (DRCs) were established to facilitate creation of infrastructure and capacity building at district level for awareness generation, Rehabilitation, training/ guiding grass roots level functionaries and provide comprehensive services to the persons with disabilities & handed over to State Government.
Presently, eleven District Rehabilitation Centers (DRCs) are functioning in ten States under States Government. State wise location of DRCs are as follows: Andhra Pradesh- Vijayawada Chattisgarh - Bilaspur Karnataka - Mysore Maharastra - Virar (Thane) Orissa - Bhubneshwar Rajasthan - Kota Tamilnadu - Chengalpattu
Uttar Pradesh- Sitapur
Jagdishpur West Bengal - Mednapur
3. District Disability Rehabilitation Centre (DDRCs): Initially 149 centers were identified to provide above mentioned rehabilitation services through self sustaining centers. Till date 109 such centers are functioning in the country at District level and are usually located in the premises of a District Hospital. These centres function under the supervision of District Management Team (DMT) headed by District Collector and implementing agencies for these centers are NGOs.
4. Services Available and scope for linkages: These centers are equipped to provide all the services like physiotherapy, counseling, occupational therapy, assistive devices & artificial limbs. Services of Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Physiotherapists, Occupational therapists prosthetic and Orthotic-engineers are available at these centers. Usually permanent fulltime senior level staff is available at DRCs and contractual / honorary part-time staff is available at DDRCs.
5. Financial Assistance for purchase & fitment of aid & appliances is provided to disabled persons under ADIP Scheme of GOI. Under the Scheme assistance is provide for aids and appliances, costing up to Rs 6,000/- to only those disabled persons who have disability amounting to 40% or more and whose total monthly income does not exceed Rs 10,000/-. As per the scheme 100% assistance (cost of aid & appliance up to Rs 6000/-) is provided to those disabled persons (> = 40% disability) whose total income does not exceed Rs.6500 per month and 50% assistance is provided to disabled persons with income between Rs 6501 – Rs 10,000/month.
Assistance is also provided for traveling cost of disabled person & one attendant limited to bus fare in ordinary class / railway by second class sleeper subject to a limit of Rs. 250/- each irrespective of number of visits to center. Assistance for boarding & lodging at the rate of Rs. 30/- per day for maximum duration of 15 days is also available. This is given to only those whose total income does not exceed 6500 per month. Aids & Appliance provided to locomotor disabled persons are:
1. All type of prosthetic and orthotic devices
2. Mobility aids like tricycles, wheel chairs, crutches, walking sticks & walking frame / relaters, Motorized tricycles costing more than Rs. 6000/- may be procured in exceptional cases but prior approval of The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment (MOST & E) on case basis is needed for these special cases.
3. All types of surgical footwears & MCR chappals
4. All type of devices for ADL (Activity of daily living)
Eligibility of Beneficiaries for financial assistance:A person with disability fulfilling following conditions would be eligible for assistance under ADIP Scheme through authorized agencies.
1. Should be an Indian Citizen of any age.
2. Should be certified by a Registered Medical Practitioner certifying that the concerned person is disabled & fit to use prescribed aid / appliances.
3. Person who is employed / self employed for getting pension & whose monthly income from all sources does not exceed Rs 10,000 / months
4. In case of dependents, the income of parents / guardians should not exceed Rs 10,000 /- per months
Various activities conducted by these centers are: Survey & identification of persons with disabilities through camp approach Awareness Generation for encouraging and enhancing prevention of disabilities, early detection and intervention etc. Early Intervention Assessment of need of assistive devices, provision/ fitment of assistive devices, follow up/ repair of assistive devices Therapeutic Services e.g. Physiotherapy, Occupation Therapy, Speech Therapy etc. Facilitation of disabilities certificate, bus passes & other concession/ facilities for persons with disabilities. Referral and arrangement of surgical correction through Govt. & Charitable institutions. Arrangement of loans for self employment, through banks & other financial institutions Counseling of disabled, their parents & family members Promotion of barrier free environment To provide supportive and complimentary services to promote education, vocational training and employment for persons with disabilities through
Providing orientation training to teachers, community and families
Providing training to persons with disabilities for early motivation and early stimulation for education, vocational training and employment
Identifying suitable vocations for persons with disabilities, keeping in view local resources and designing and providing vocational training and identifying suitable jobs, so as to make them economically independent.
Provide referral services for existing educational, training, vocational institutions.
Survey of Persons with disability (PWDs) is conducted by DDRCs in 10-15 villages of district per month, assessment camps are held at Head Quarter twice a week & at Civil Hospital once a week, assessment cum distribution camps are held in the villages twice a month, awareness generation activities like visit to schools/ awareness camp
for various target groups/ training programme of grass root level functionaries and follow up camps are also organized four times a month in villages. Thus services can also be made available at the doorsteps of the beneficiaries.
Provisions for „Persons with Disability (PWD) Provisions by Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment – The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 has been enforced from 7th February 1996.
1. Prevention and Early Detection of Disabilities by survey, investigation and research.
2. Every child with disability shall have the right to free education till the age of 18 years in integrated schools or special schools along with free books, learning material, uniform and scholarship.
3. 3% of vacancies in government employment shall be reserved for PWD, 1% each for persons suffering from: Low vision, Hearing Impairment and Loco motor Disabilities including cerebral Palsy.
4. No employee can be sacked or demoted if they become disabled during service, no promotion can be denied because of impairments.
5. Aids & appliances shall be made available to PWD. Disabled persons in need of aids and appliances are given travel allowance subject to a limit of Rs. 150/- for visit to implementing agencies' center. The board and lodging expenses at the rate of Rs. 10 per day subject to Rs. 150/- per beneficiary are also admissible in cases where the income of such persons is up to Rs. 1200/- per month. According to the scheme, aids and appliances up to the value of Rs. 3600/- are distributed to the disabled persons free of cost if the monthly income of the disabled is up to Rs. 1200/- and at 50 per cent of the cost if it is between R. 1201/- and Rs. 2500/-
6. Allotment of land shall be made at concessional rates to PWD for house, business, special recreational centres, special schools, research schools and factories.
7. Public buildings, rail compartments, buses, ships and air crafts are designed to give easy access to PWD, wheel chair, ramps, Braile & sound symbols are to be made available.
8. Insurance coverage for the benefit of the government employee with disabilities.
9. Unemployment allowance to PWD registered with special employment exchange for more than a year. Pension to eligible PWD by state/UT.
10. National level institutes at Deharadoon, Secunderabad, Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, and Cuttack provide services such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy, restorative surgery, radiological investigations,
vocational counseling / training/ guidance, provide aids & appliances,
rehabilitation related services, speech therapy, education and research.
11. 11 District Rehabilitation Centers (DRCs) provide services for medical intervention, surgical correction, physiotherapy, aid & appliances, occupational therapy vocational trainings and job replacement
12. 85 District Disability Rehabilitation Centers (DDRCs) provide disability certificates, prevention & interventions required, repair of assistive devices, barrier free environment, vocational trainings and referral services
13. 4 Regional Rehabilitation Centers (RRCs) provides services to persons with spinal injuries & other orthopaedic disabilities.
(C). 17 Vocational Rehabilitation centers provide services free of charge, under Ministry of Labour in urban areas and Rural Rehabilitation Extension Centers & Mobile Camps for rural PWD. (D) National Awards for the welfare of people with disabilities every year on 3rd December, to organizations / individuals for outstanding work in the field of disability.
(E) Concessions –
Indian Airlines allow 50% concession in the fair to blind persons on single journey.
Railways allows to travel at concession in the fair up to 75% to disabled and his/her escort
Double conveyance allowance to Central government employees who are blind or orthopaedically handicapped.
(F) Promotion of self employment among disabled by provision of loan up to 2.5 lakhs through National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC)
MAIN TYPES AND DEFINITIONS OF DISABILITIES The P.W.D. Act, 1995 defines many aspects including various types of disabilities of handicap. They are:-
(I) Blindness “Blindness” refers to a condition where a person suffers from any of the following conditions, namely:-
(i) Total absence of sight; or
(ii) Visual acuity not exceeding 6/60 or 20/200 (snellen) in the better eye with correcting lenses; or
(iii) Limitation of the field of vision subtending an angle of 20 degree or worse.
(II) Low Vision
“Person with low vision” means a person with impairment of visual functioning even after treatment or standard refractive correction but who uses or is potentially capable of using vision for the planning or execution of a task with appropriate assistive device. (III) Cerebral Palsy “Cerebral palsy” means a group of non-progressive conditions of a person characterized by abnormal motor control posture resulting from brain insult or injuries occurring in the pre-natal, peri-natal or infant period of development. (IV) Hearing Impairment “Hearing impairment,” means loss of sixty decibels or more in the better ear in the conversational range of frequencies. (V) Leprosy cured “Leprosy cured person,” means any person who has been cured of leprosy but is suffering from –
(i) Loss of sensation in hands or feet as well as loss of sensation and paresis in the eye and eye-lid but with no manifest deformity;
(ii) Manifest deformity and paresis but having sufficient mobility in their hands and feet to enable them to engage in normal economic activity;
(iii) Extreme physical deformity as well as advanced age which prevent him from undertaking any gainful occupation, and the expression “leprosy cured” shall be construed accordingly.
(VI) Locomotor “Locomotor disability” means disability of the bones, joints or muscles leading to substantial restriction of the movement of the limbs or any form of cerebral palsy. (VII) Mental retardation “Mental retardation” means a condition of arrested or incomplete development of mind of a person, which is specially characterized by subnormality of intelligence.
(VIII) Mental illness “Mental illness” means any mental disorder other than mental retardation “Person with disability” means a person suffering from not less than forty per cent of any disability as certified by a medical authority. “Medical authority” means any hospital or institution specified for the purposes of this Act by notification by the appropriate Government. There are five main types of Disabilities – The Blind, The Deaf, The Orthopaedically Handicapped, The Negative Leprosy and The Mild Mentally Retarded. However, only the visually impaired, hearing impaired and locomotor disabled are covered for reservation in employment. Those afflicted by cured leprosy and cerebral palsy are covered under the group of locomotor disabled for training and employment purposes. The Mild Mentally Retarded with an IQ between 51 and 70 are served by the VRCs for evaluation and training in vocations.
DDRCS IMPLEMENTED THROUGH 10 DRCS
Name of the DDRC with full postal address
I. DRC , VIJAYWADA
DDRC Krishna C/o DRC Vijayawada, Opp. Prabodha Bnook Center, Gopal Reddy Road, Governor Pet, State Guest House Campus, Vijaywada – 520 002
DDRC Anantpur Shri Dasarath, Director Women Development Trust, Anantpur
DDRC Visakkhapatnam Rani Chandravati Hospital Visakhapatnam
II. DRC, BILASPUR
DDRC Raipur Mana Camp (Campus ofHome for Multiple Handicapped Persons), Raipur Chhatisgarh
DDRC Durg Physiotherapy Pilot Project District Hospital, Durg Chhatisgarh
DDRC Raigarh Chhote Atarmuda Near District Panchayat Bhavan Raigarh, Chhatisgarh
III. DRC Bhubaneshwar
7. DDRC Samballpur C/o Working Women’s Hostel, Sambalpur Orissa
DDRC Mayurbhanj (Campus of BDO Office) C/o BDO, Kalahandi Orissa
DDRC Kalahandi (Campus of BDO Office) C/o BDO, Kalahandi Orissa
IV. DRC Chengalpattu
DDRC Chengalpattu District Rehabilitation Center GST Road. Near Court, Chengalpattu – 603 001(TN)
DDRC Vellore Perumalsamy Building District Panchayat Board Office Complex, Vellore
DDRC Port Blair
DDRC Pondicherry Mr. D. Balakrishnan District Rehabilitation Center GST Road, Near Court Chengalpattu – 603 001 (TN)
V. DRC Virar
DDRC Latur Jeevan Vikas Prathisthan, Signal Camp, Latur-12
DDRC Diu Diu Garment Building, Fudam, Distt. Diu
DDRC Silvassa Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Opp. Bal Bhawan, Silvassa-30
VI. DRC Mysore
DDRC Bellary VIMS Campus, Old Book Bank Building, Bellary – 583 104
DDRC Belgaum District Civil Hospital Campus, Near OPD Block, Belgaum – 590 001
DDRC Mangalore 6th Cross, No.24/5/568, Attavara, Behind KMC Hospital Dakshina Kannada Dist., Mangalore –1
DDRC Tunmkur District General Hospital Campus Tunkur – 572 101
VII. DRC Sitapur
DDRC Meerut Shramjeevi Mahila Chhatravaas, Surajkund, Meerut
DDRC Agra Saraswati Mangala Red Cross Hospital, Nangla Buddha, Agra.
VIII. DDRC Jagdishpur
DDRC Varanasi Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital Campus, Pandeypur-Varanasi (U.P.
DDRC Gonda Maharajganj, Distt. Gonda (UP)
DDRC Mau Purana SadanHospital Distt. Mau (UP)
DDRC Gorakhpur Chhetriya Gram Vikas Sansthan Chargawa, Distt. Gorakhpur (UP)
IX. DRC Bhiwani
DDRC Bhiwani General Hospital Bhiwani – 127 021
DDRC Sonepat Bal Bhawan Building Sonepat, Haryana
DDRC Kurukshetra Red Cross Building Kurukshetra, Haryana
DDRC Rohtak Red Cross Building Rohtak
X. DRC Kota
LIST OF DISTRICT REHABILITATION CENTRES
1. District Rehabilitation Centre, Capital Hospital Campus, VI, Bhubaneshwar – 751 001 Tel. No.: 0674-407803 2. District Rehabilitation, Kharagpur General Hospital, P.O. Kharagpur, Distt. Madnapore, West Bengal – 721301 Tel. No. 0322-62427/62894 3. District Rehabilitation Centre, Lal Bagh (Near Raja College Field), Shahjahanpur Road, Sitapur, Tel. No. 05862-3283 4. District Rehabilitation Centre, Opposite Nurse Hostel, Sardar Patel Hospitl Campus, Bilaspur – 495 001 Tel. No. 07752-30893 5. District Rehabilitation Centre, Ist Floor, Laundry Section, Civil Hospital, Bhiwani – 125 021 Tel. No. 01664-3075 6. District Rehabilitation Centre, Room No. 10, IIIrd Floor, Vikas Bhavan, Syultanpur, Uttar Pradesh – 227 809 Fax No. 0536-22317
Tel. No. 0536-22317 7. District Rehabilitation Centre, G.S.T. Road, Near Court, Chengalpattu - 603 001 Madras Tel. No. 04114-6853 8. District Rehabilitation Centre, Pulikeshi Raod, Govt. School for Blind Children Premises, Thilak Nagar, Mysore – 570 021 Tel. No. 0821-447670 9. District Rehabilitation Centre, Kharodi Naka, Bolinj, Agashi Road, Tal: Vasai, Distt. Thane Tel. N . 0252-382735 10. District Rehabilitation Centre, MBS Hospital Complex, Kota – 324 001 Tel. No. 0744-320891 11. District Rehabilitation Centre, Opp. Prabodha Book Centre, Gopal Reddy Road, Governor Pet State Guest House Campus, Vijayawada – 520 002
Tel. No. 0866-579646
LIST OF THE ADDRESSES OF THE SPECIAL EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGES FOR PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED ( RUNNING UNDER STATE/UNION TERRITORY GOVERNMENTS) “Special Employment Exchange means any office or place established and maintained by the Government for the collection and furnishing of information, either by keeping of registers or otherwise, in respect of – ( i ) Persons who seek to engage employees from amongst the persons suffering from disabilities; ( ii ) Persons with disability who seek employment; ( iii ) vacancies to which person with disability seeking employment may be appointed.”
Name & Address of the Spl. Employment Exchanges
The Regional Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Azamabad, Hyderabad – 500 020.
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Barrack No. 1/B-5, Block A, Curzon Road, New Delhi – 110 001.
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, No.5, Crescent Road, High Grounds, West Bangalore – 560 020.
The Special Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Merchantile Chambers, 3rd Floor, Graham Road, Ballard Estate, Mumbai – 400 001.
The Assistant Director, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, 33, Mount Road, Nandanram, Chennai– 600 035.
The Special Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, 5 Council House Street (Ground Floor), 620, D.H. Road, Kolkata –700 001.
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, G.T. Road, Kanpur – 208 002.
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Nadavanam Road, Palayam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala-695 001.
LIST OF VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION CENTRES FOR HANDICAPPED DIRECTORATE-GENERAL OF EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING, MINISTRY OF LABOUR,
Name & Address of the Spl. Employment Exchanges
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, 985, Wright Town, Jabalpur – 482 001. (M.P.)
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Combined Labour Building, Bailey Road, Patna – 800 001, (Bihar)
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, 1282, Sector 18-C, Chandigarh – 160 018.
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Dte. Of Employment and Training ( H. P. ), Stock Palace, Shimla – 171 002,
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Jaipur – 302 001 ( Rajasthan ).
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Dte. Of Employment, Flat No. 367, Sahid Nagar, Bhubaneshwar – 751 007 ( Orissa ).
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped., Guwahati, Assam.
The Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Agartala, Tripura.
The Sub-Regional Employment Officer for Physically Handicapped, Kothi Building, Vadodara ( Gujarat ).
The Sub-Regional Employment Officer for Physically Handicapped, Multi storey Building, Nanpura, Surat, Gujarat.
The Sub-Regional Employment Officer for Physically Handicapped, Kopasiwala Bungalow, Junction Plot, Rajkot, Gujarat.
The Special Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Salajose Cross Road, Opp. S.V. College, Ahmedabad – 380 001,
The Director, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Manipur, Imphal.
Special Employment Officer, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, 1282, Sector 18-C, Chandigarh (Government of Punjab) –160 005.
The Director of Employment, Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped, Vishakhapatnam (A.P.)
VRC, Abhay Nagar, Agartala., Tripura - 799 005 Ph : 0381 - 22 5632
VRC., Napier Town., Near New Motor Stand & Nav Bharat Press., Jabalpur - 482 001 Ph:0761-405581; Fax:0761- 39 0169
VRC. ITI Campus Ahmedabad - 382 340 Ph: 079 - 281 1629; Fax: 079 - 282 2486
VRC., 45-A/23 Jawahar Nagar. Jaipur - 302 004 Ph: 041 - 65 2232; FAX 041- 200072
VRC., 22, Hosur Road Bangalore - 560 029 Ph: 080 - 656 4995
VRC., A.T.I. campus., Govind Nagar., Kanpur - 208 022 Ph: 0512 – 29 6005; Fax:0512 - 29 6273
VRC.,SIRD Campus, Unit VIII Bhubaneswar - 751 012 Ph: 0674 - 560 375Fax: 0674 - 45 0800
VRC.,A.T.I. Campus., Near Aurora Talkies., Ludhiana - 141 003 Ph:0161- 490883Fax; 0161-491871
VRC., 38, Badal Roy Lane Beliaghata Calcutta - 700 010 Ph: 033 - 350 8146 Fax; 033 - 337 8358
VRC., A.T.I.Campus., Sion., Mumbai - 400 022 Ph:022-522 1707Fax;022-522 1560
VRC., C.T.I. Campus., Guindy., Chennai - 600 032 Ph: 044 - 234 1534 Fax: 044 - 234 1211
VRC., ITI Hostel Bldg., Pusa., New Delhi - 110 012 Ph: 011 - 578 8780
VRC., Old ITI Campus, Guwahati - 781 008 Ph: 0361 - 54 3776
VRC., A/84, Plot 1., Gandhi Vihar., Police Colony., Anisabad Patna - 2 Ph: 0612 – 25 0213
VRC., A.T.I.Campus.,Vidyanagar., Hyderabad - 500 007 Ph: 040 - 761 4381Fax; 040 - 761 4606
VRC., Nalanchira., Trivandrum - 695 015 Ph: 0471 - 531 175 - 530 371
Rural Rehabilitation Extension Centres attached to VRCs at Calcutta. (Barasat, Uluberia), Chennai., (Trivellore, Chithamur) Kanpur., (Mohanlaganj, Gosaiganj, Akbarpur) Ludhiana (Hosiarpur, Bhatinda) and Mumbai (Bhiwandi, Dahanu) - Total 11
VRC for Women Mahavir Industrial Estate., Kareli Baug., Vadodara - 390 018 Ph: 0265 - 55 3674 Fax: 0265 - 43 0510/430362
List of Special Employment Exchanges and Special Cells for the Handicapped
SPECIAL EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGES
Ahmedabad, Baroda, Rajkot, Surat
Bangalore, Mysore, Hubli, Gulbarga
Trivandrum, Kozhikode, Kollam , Ernakulam
Palakkad, Neyyattinkara, Nedumangad, Kayamkulam, , Aluva, Irinjalkuda
Bilaspur, Durg, Dewas, Rewa
Nasik, Sholapur, Kolhapur
Jaipur, Ajmer, Alwar
Kota, Jhunjhunu, Sikar ,Sriganganagar
Combatore, Chinglepat, Cuddalore, Salem Tirunelveli, Vellore, Chidabaram (Thanjore) Peviyar (Erode), Uthagamandlam
Kanpur, Gorakhpur,Aligarh, Allahabad, Agra,Varanasi, Bareilly, Lucknow, Mathura, Ghaziabad
Barrackpore, Howrah, Purulia, Kharagpur